Seth Sparks #6 INF Southwestern (Tex.)

gp 43
avg .333
hr -
rbi 28
r 25
sb 4
Recent Games
Apr 26 Centenary (La.) L, 10-7
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) L, 9-7
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) W, 16-2
May 3 vs. Texas Lutheran L, 4-2
May 4 vs. Centenary (La.) W, 11-10
May 4 vs. Trinity (Tex.) L, 4-2
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 43 6th 18 1st
Plate appearances 185 17th 75 32nd
At Bats 168 7th 66 17th
Runs 25 31st 12 31st
Hits 56 6th 21 16th
Doubles 8 17th 5 10th
Triples 1 21st - -
Home Runs - - - -
Runs Batted In 28 16th 11 27th
Total bases 66 15th 26 23rd
Walks 12 45th 8 30th
Hit by pitch 3 35th - -
Strikeouts 11 69th 6 57th
Sacrifice Flies 2 19th 1 17th
Sacrifice Hits - - - -
Hit into double play 5 4th 4 2nd
Stolen Bases 4 36th 1 47th
Caught Stealing 1 43rd - -
Batting Average .333 7th .318 20th
On Base Percentage .384 31st .387 31st
Slugging Percentage .393 26th .394 26th
Appearances 0 117th 0 98th
Games started 0 61st 0 37th
Wins 0 59th 0 39th
Losses 0 66th 0 41st
Saves 0 26th 0 12th
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 281st 0.0 277th
Hits - - - -
Runs - - - -
Earned Runs - - - -
Walks - - - -
Strikeouts - - - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 - .00 -
Doubles Allowed - - - -
Triples Allowed - - - -
Home Runs Allows - - - -
At Bats Against - - - -
Batting Average Against - - - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 - 0.00 -
Wild pitches - - - -
Hit Batters - - - -
Balks - - - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - - - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - - - -
Total Chances 220 11th 94 10th
Put Outs 113 20th 50 16th
Assists 95 7th 38 10th
Errors 12 5th 6 7th
Fielding Percentage .945 49th .936 49th
Double Plays 19 7th 6 14th
Stolen Bases Allowed - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - - - -
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 15 at Sul Ross St. W, 7-3 4 0 2 - - - 0 1 - - 1
Feb 16 at Sul Ross St. L, 10-9 5 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 17 at Sul Ross St. W, 12-3 5 1 3 1 - - 2 - - - -
Feb 23 McMurry W, 5-3 4 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Feb 24 McMurry L, 8-1 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 24 McMurry W, 5-2 4 0 2 1 - - 1 - - 1 -
Mar 5 Texas-Dallas W, 5-4 6 0 2 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 8 Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 8-1 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 13-7 2 2 1 - - - 0 1 1 1 -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 9-1 5 0 2 - - - 2 - - - -
Mar 12 at Texas-Tyler W, 8-2 4 2 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 15 at Schreiner W, 11-6 5 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 8-7 5 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 4-3 4 0 2 - - - 0 1 - 1 -
Mar 19 at Texas-Dallas L, 9-6 5 1 4 1 - - 2 - - - -
Mar 21 vs. Wis.-Platteville L, 15-6 5 0 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 13-9 3 1 2 - - - 1 2 - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 5-4 2 0 0 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 23 Austin College W, 14-3 4 2 3 1 - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 26 at Hardin-Simmons W, 15-8 5 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist W, 13-0 4 0 0 - - - 2 - - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist L, 6-3 4 0 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 30 at East Tex. Baptist L, 12-1 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 2 Howard Payne L, 9-8 5 2 2 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran W, 6-3 4 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran L, 9-2 4 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 7 at Texas Lutheran L, 10-8 4 0 0 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 8 Arlington Baptist W, 10-8 4 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Apr 9 Texas-Tyler L, 10-8 4 0 1 - - - 2 - 1 - -
Apr 12 Trinity (Tex.) W, 4-2 3 1 2 1 - - 0 - - - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 11-5 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 10-8 4 2 2 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 16 Hardin-Simmons W, 9-0 3 0 1 - 1 - 0 - - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 15-0 5 2 1 1 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 12-8 4 1 1 - - - 2 1 - - -
Apr 20 at Dallas W, 5-3 2 0 1 1 - - 0 2 - - -
Apr 23 at Howard Payne L, 9-6 4 1 1 - - - 2 - - - -
Apr 26 Centenary (La.) L, 10-7 4 1 2 - - - 1 1 - - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) L, 9-7 4 1 1 1 - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) W, 16-2 1 1 1 - - - 2 - - - -
May 3 vs. Texas Lutheran L, 4-2 3 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
May 4 vs. Centenary (La.) W, 11-10 5 1 1 - - - 2 - - 1 -
May 4 vs. Trinity (Tex.) L, 4-2 4 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 15 at Sul Ross St. W, 7-3 - - - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Feb 16 at Sul Ross St. L, 10-9 - - - 2 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Feb 17 at Sul Ross St. W, 12-3 - - - 4 1 - - 2 - 5
Feb 23 McMurry W, 5-3 - - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Feb 24 McMurry L, 8-1 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 3
Feb 24 McMurry W, 5-2 - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 5 Texas-Dallas W, 5-4 - - - 2 0 - 3 1 3.00 6
Mar 8 Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 8-1 1 - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 13-7 - - - 1 0 - - - - 3
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 9-1 - - - 2 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Mar 12 at Texas-Tyler W, 8-2 1 - - 2 0 - - 1 - 5
Mar 15 at Schreiner W, 11-6 - - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 8-7 - - - 0 0 - 2 2 1.00 5
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 4-3 - - - 2 0 - 2 - - 5
Mar 19 at Texas-Dallas L, 9-6 - - - 5 1 - - 1 - 5
Mar 21 vs. Wis.-Platteville L, 15-6 - - - 2 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Mar 22 Austin College W, 13-9 - - - 2 0 - - 1 - 5
Mar 22 Austin College W, 5-4 - 1 - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 3
Mar 23 Austin College W, 14-3 - - - 4 1 1 1 - - 5
Mar 26 at Hardin-Simmons W, 15-8 - - - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist W, 13-0 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist L, 6-3 - - - 2 0 - 2 - - 4
Mar 30 at East Tex. Baptist L, 12-1 - - - 0 0 - 2 - - 2
Apr 2 Howard Payne L, 9-8 - - - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran W, 6-3 - - - 1 0 1 3 - - 4
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran L, 9-2 - - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Apr 7 at Texas Lutheran L, 10-8 - - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Apr 8 Arlington Baptist W, 10-8 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 9 Texas-Tyler L, 10-8 - 1 - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Apr 12 Trinity (Tex.) W, 4-2 - - - 3 1 - - 1 - 3
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 11-5 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 10-8 - - - 2 0 - 1 - - 4
Apr 16 Hardin-Simmons W, 9-0 - - - 3 1 - - 2 - 3
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 15-0 - - - 2 1 - 2 2 1.00 5
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 12-8 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 5
Apr 20 at Dallas W, 5-3 - - - 2 1 1 1 - - 4
Apr 23 at Howard Payne L, 9-6 1 - - 1 0 - - 3 - 5
Apr 26 Centenary (La.) L, 10-7 - - - 2 0 - - 1 - 5
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) L, 9-7 - - - 2 1 1 2 - - 4
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) W, 16-2 - - - 1 0 - - - - 1
May 3 vs. Texas Lutheran L, 4-2 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 4
May 4 vs. Centenary (La.) W, 11-10 - - - 1 0 - - 4 - 5
May 4 vs. Trinity (Tex.) L, 4-2 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 4
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 15 at Sul Ross St. W, 7-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 at Sul Ross St. L, 10-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 at Sul Ross St. W, 12-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 McMurry W, 5-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 McMurry L, 8-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 McMurry W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 5 Texas-Dallas W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 8-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 13-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 12 at Texas-Tyler W, 8-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 15 at Schreiner W, 11-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 19 at Texas-Dallas L, 9-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 21 vs. Wis.-Platteville L, 15-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 13-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 Austin College W, 14-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 26 at Hardin-Simmons W, 15-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist W, 13-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 30 at East Tex. Baptist L, 12-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 2 Howard Payne L, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran W, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at Texas Lutheran L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 8 Arlington Baptist W, 10-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 9 Texas-Tyler L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 Trinity (Tex.) W, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 11-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 16 Hardin-Simmons W, 9-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 15-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 12-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 at Dallas W, 5-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 23 at Howard Payne L, 9-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 26 Centenary (La.) L, 10-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) L, 9-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) W, 16-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 3 vs. Texas Lutheran L, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 4 vs. Centenary (La.) W, 11-10 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 4 vs. Trinity (Tex.) L, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 15 at Sul Ross St. W, 7-3 4 2 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Sul Ross St. L, 10-9 9 6 1 2 .778 1 - - - - -
Feb 17 at Sul Ross St. W, 12-3 3 1 1 1 .667 1 - - - - -
Feb 23 McMurry W, 5-3 3 1 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 24 McMurry L, 8-1 4 1 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 24 McMurry W, 5-2 4 2 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 5 Texas-Dallas W, 5-4 6 3 2 1 .833 1 - - - - -
Mar 8 Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 8-1 3 1 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 13-7 5 2 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 at Mary Hardin-Baylor W, 9-1 10 6 4 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Mar 12 at Texas-Tyler W, 8-2 7 4 3 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 15 at Schreiner W, 11-6 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 8-7 10 3 7 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 16 at Schreiner L, 4-3 5 1 3 1 .800 - - - - - -
Mar 19 at Texas-Dallas L, 9-6 8 3 5 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 21 vs. Wis.-Platteville L, 15-6 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 13-9 7 3 3 1 .857 1 - - - - -
Mar 22 Austin College W, 5-4 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 Austin College W, 14-3 5 5 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Hardin-Simmons W, 15-8 4 3 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist W, 13-0 3 2 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 29 at East Tex. Baptist L, 6-3 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 30 at East Tex. Baptist L, 12-1 6 3 2 1 .833 1 - - - - -
Apr 2 Howard Payne L, 9-8 4 3 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran W, 6-3 5 3 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Texas Lutheran L, 9-2 8 6 1 1 .875 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Texas Lutheran L, 10-8 6 6 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 8 Arlington Baptist W, 10-8 7 1 6 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 9 Texas-Tyler L, 10-8 7 3 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 12 Trinity (Tex.) W, 4-2 4 3 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 11-5 6 2 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 14 Trinity (Tex.) L, 10-8 8 5 2 1 .875 - - - - - -
Apr 16 Hardin-Simmons W, 9-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 15-0 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Dallas W, 12-8 3 1 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Dallas W, 5-3 6 1 4 1 .833 1 - - - - -
Apr 23 at Howard Payne L, 9-6 5 4 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 26 Centenary (La.) L, 10-7 7 3 4 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) L, 9-7 8 5 2 1 .875 1 - - - - -
Apr 27 Centenary (La.) W, 16-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Texas Lutheran L, 4-2 4 0 3 1 .750 1 - - - - -
May 4 vs. Centenary (La.) W, 11-10 7 5 2 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
May 4 vs. Trinity (Tex.) L, 4-2 6 2 4 0 1.000 - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2017-18 42 164 25 51 8 - - 25 17 18 2 5 .311 .378 .360
2018-19 43 168 25 56 8 1 - 28 12 11 4 1 .333 .384 .393
Total 85 332 50 107 16 1 - 53 29 29 6 6 .322 .381 .377
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2017-18 42 3 4 - 59 8 2 45 49 0.92 188
2018-19 43 3 2 - 66 9 5 44 52 0.85 185
Total 85 6 6 - 125 17 7 89 101 0.88 373
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2017-18 2 0 0 1 0 - 9.2 11 8 5 4 3 2.79 - 4.66
2018-19 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 2 0 0 1 0 - 9.2 11 8 5 4 3 2.79 - 4.66
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2017-18 42 164 90 70 4 .976 12 - - - - -
2018-19 43 220 113 95 12 .945 19 - - - - -
Total 85 384 203 165 16 .958 31 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 43 168 25 56 8 1 - 28 12 11 4 1 .333 .384 .393
Conference 18 66 12 21 5 - - 11 8 6 1 - .318 .387 .394
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 18 65 11 23 4 1 - 11 5 7 1 - .354 .397 .446
Away 21 86 12 29 4 - - 15 6 4 2 1 .337 .394 .384
Neutral 4 17 2 4 - - - 2 1 - 1 - .235 .278 .235
 
-
Wins 24 91 15 32 6 1 - 18 9 4 3 1 .352 .417 .440
Losses 19 77 10 24 2 - - 10 3 7 1 - .312 .341 .338
 
-
February 6 25 2 11 2 - - 4 1 - 1 1 .440 .462 .520
March 17 68 9 25 2 - - 9 5 4 2 - .368 .421 .397
April 17 63 12 18 4 1 - 13 5 7 - - .286 .343 .381
May 3 12 2 2 - - - 2 1 - 1 - .167 .231 .167
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 43 3 2 - 66 9 5 44 52 0.85 185
Conference 18 - 1 - 26 5 4 22 16 1.38 75
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 18 1 2 - 29 5 2 16 20 0.80 73
Away 21 2 - - 33 4 2 24 24 1.00 94
Neutral 4 - - - 4 0 1 4 8 0.50 18
 
-
Wins 24 2 1 - 40 7 3 20 31 0.65 103
Losses 19 1 1 - 26 2 2 24 21 1.14 82
 
-
February 6 - - - 13 2 - 5 9 0.56 26
March 17 2 1 - 27 2 1 19 17 1.12 76
April 17 1 1 - 24 5 3 18 19 0.95 70
May 3 - - - 2 0 1 2 7 0.29 13
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 43 220 113 95 12 .945 19 - - - - -
Conference 18 94 50 38 6 .936 6 - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 18 87 43 40 4 .954 7 - - - - -
Away 21 113 61 45 7 .938 10 - - - - -
Neutral 4 20 9 10 1 .950 2 - - - - -
 
-
Wins 24 104 54 46 4 .962 11 - - - - -
Losses 19 116 59 49 8 .931 8 - - - - -
 
-
February 6 27 13 11 3 .889 3 - - - - -
March 17 87 42 41 4 .954 9 - - - - -
April 17 89 51 34 4 .955 5 - - - - -
May 3 17 7 9 1 .941 2 - - - - -